Ervand Lalayan's Armenian-language studies of Vaspurakan in southern historical Armenia, emphasizing folklore, extracted from the journal Azgagrakan Hande's [Ethnographic Review], XX (1910), pp. 116-196; XXV (1913), pp. 21-60; and XXVI (1916), pp. 195-210. Descriptions of dwellings, clothing, ornaments, marriage and engagement customs, worship of mountains, stones, water, plants, animals, fire, the sun, the threshold, ancestors, spirits, and saints. Some photographs by Lalayan. Compiled and indexed by Robert Bedrosian, in 139 pdf pages.